Eastern Sayan Mountains, Topographers’ Peak (3044 m asl), Volcano Valley, the Khoyto-Gol and Zhoygan Mineral Springs, Munku-Sardyk Peak (3941 m asl), The Shumak Mineral Springs.
Eastern Sayan Mountains. (located in the southwestern part of
the Buryat Republic)
Fauna. Thanks to the low population density in the Eastern Sayan Mountains, the fauna is very well conserved, retaining its particular characteristics and diversity to this day. There you have a great opportunity to observe hares, elks, squirrels and weasels in winter. In early spring birds such as titmouse, bullfinch, nutcracker, great spotted woodpecker, wood grouse, partridge and owl can be spotted in the forest zones of the Sayan Mountains
Topographers’ Peak (3044 m asl). The main summit of this massif is known as the Charm Taiga. Eight glaciers are located on its the northern and eastern slopes feeding the Helgin River and the tributaries of the Bij-Hem River. The glaciers move down to an altitude of 2500 m asl. The region around the Topographers’ Peak constitutes the largest glaciated area in the Eastern Sayan Mountains at present. However, due to its remoteness only a few groups per year dare to ascend this peak. The ascension’s degree of difficulty according to the UIAA classification is 2+. Therefore, special equipment such as climbing irons, ropes, pitons, an ice axor hammer are needed to climb Topographers’ Peak.
The Hot Springs of Khoyko-Gol – emerge on the banks of
a brook flowing into the Khoyko-Gol River. Here you can find around 10
springs with water temperatures between +29 and +33 degrees Celsius. The
water is predominately enriched with sodium but also contains hydro-carbonate
and sodium-calcium compounds. The main mineral spring can be enjoyed in
a bathtub, which is located in a wooden cabin. Furthermore, several larger
buildings have been constructed for visitors in the area of the hot springs.
Here, there is also a footpath leading over a pass to Volcano Valley.
The Hot Springs of Zhoygan – are located in the Republic of Tuva, not far from the border to Buryatia. The mineral springs come to the surface on the Upper Arzhan-Hem River, which originates in the foot zone of the massif of Topographers’ Peak. There are around 30 springs with water temperatures between +18 and +40 degrees Celsius. Salt crust deposits from the mineral springs cover an area of around 150 square meters in the taiga. The water mainly contains hydro-carbonates and carbon dioxides. Several hot springs are equipped with a bathtub. In summer people from Tuva and Buryatia come to the hot springs to relax. The national holiday Sukharban is celebrated here and wrestling competitions are held.
Peak (3491 m asl).
Mineral Springs of Shumak.
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