The Barguzin valley, The Barguzin mountain ridge, The mineral springs of Barguzin valley.
Barguzin valley. The name of the valley originates from the local
word “Bargut,” which means “outskirts, wilderness.”
It was the name of a Mongolian tribe that used to inhabit the valley.
The country of Bargudzhin-Tukum –“the country of light ”
–is often mentioned in the “Secret Tales of Mongolia,”
an early chronicle of Mongol history. It says that in the 12th century,
Bargut tribes did not fight against Genghis Khan becauseGenghis Khan’s
mother originated from the area. They even supplied soldiers for Genghis
The Barguzin valley is famous for its numerous mineral springs and picturesque rocks on slopes of the Ikat ridge. There are some beautiful sites such as the Suvinsky rockfaces (400 m. long and 50 m. high), the stones of Uher-Shulun, Gribok (Sphynx), the Kamnigs rockface. The valley is located in the intermountain hollow with a length of 200 km and its widest part of 35 km at the Barguzin village. The total area of the Barguzin valley is 3,100,300 hectares. The Dzherginsky National Park,founded in August 1992, covers an area of 238,700 hectares in the valley.
Barguzin River flows into the Barguzin valley. It is the third largest
tributary of Baikal, after the Selenga and Upper Angara. The length of
the river is 416 km, its slope is 1344 m. and its average downward slope
is 2.8%. The Barguzin River splits into several branches in the valley’s
middlesection. A number of lakes converge here, making a common river
web with an impassible swamp and an underbrush of tall reeds full of natatoriums.
The number of such lakes is about 1076 with an area from 2 to 10 hectares.
The main asphalted motorway passes at the bottom of the Barguzinsky mountain range along both the right and left banks of the Barguzin River. There are good footpaths along the mountain rivers and valleys. The valley is inhabited and well developed. The population is 30,000 people, of which 30 % are Buryats.
Barguzinsky Mountain Range.
The Allinsky springs are located 8 km to the West of Alla village, not far from the Kuchegersky springs. Hot water with temperatures ranging from +55C up to + 75C emerges at the bottom of the Barguzin Mountain Ridge in the valley of Alla. There are 46 outlets of mineral waters with considerable contents of sulfate hydrocarbonate structure. The valley of the river is trough shaped; it was made by ancient glacier. The river flows in the narrow canyon-like gorge. The springs are very popular and actively visited by not only local people but also tourists.
Garginsky spring is very famous for its mineral water. The spring is located
33 kms from the Mogoito settlement in the valley of the Gargi River. The
spring thermal water emerges from rock cracks on the right hill of river’s
valley of the Ikat ridge at a height of 100 meters. The water emerges
in the form of travertine sedimentation. Its temperatures range from +
74C up to +75C. According to the chemical components they are sulphatic
natrium waters with contents of radon (from 35 to 43 eman). The water
of the spring is similar to that of the Nilova Pustyn Resort in its mineral
The Kuchigersky mineral springs are located 4 –5 kms from the village of Ulynhan at the northwest part of the Barguzin ridge. An interesting feature of the spring is its widely varying temperature: its range goes from +21C up to +75C, with a hydrosulphuric content of 29 mg/l. The springs are very famous for their medical hydrosulphuric mud. The total area of the mud is more than 40 thousand cubic metres. Although there have not been analyses of the chemical, mechanical, microbiological structure of the mud, it has been successfully used by local people for treatingrheumatic, vessels and heart diseases.
The Seyuisky spring is located in the Barguzin River valley on the tributaries of the Haharhay River. The spring flows out from a dove-egg shaped lake. The approximate size of the lake is 3 to 5 m. Being located in pine forest, it is the perfect place forrelaxing. The type of water is hydrocarbonate natrium. The debit of waters is 15 l/sm, mineralization 0,4 g/l, temperature +76C +77C, pH-9. The Seyuisky spring is a part of the Dzherginsky Nature Reserve.
The Umheisky springs emerge on the ancient surface of a little island at the upper Barguzin River and cover an area of 8 hectares. This beautiful place has similar curative qualitiesas the famed Shumak and Goryachinsk. The type of water is sulphide hydrocarbonate natrium. The temperature of the water varies from 43C to 44 C.The Umheisky springs are the part of the Dzherginsky Nature Reserve.
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